Slaughtering must be made in the neck from the front (chest) to the back. It may include cut up processes to prepare pork and products for human consumption. A single tree with s hooks is helpful for holding the pig’s rear legs apart when gutting the pig. I quickly realized how much work they were, … hog will yield approximately 144 lbs of retail cuts. startxref Major contents of the book are behavior of pigs, feeding management, pig breeding, housing management, diseases, pork processing, sausages, bacon, cooked ham, chilling and freezing of meat, meat packaging. ��_����9�ޚ7�dn.O6`�m���#(l��J�K� ��39�B�B��PJHǁ h@���E���q!�YfY2wʊ���� Introduction Postmortem inspection covers the inspection of the carcasses and parts of meat used for human food. 0000004294 00000 n 0000001337 00000 n Scalding or Skinning. Structural and prerequisite hygiene requirements B. Feeder pig: Young pigs sold after weaning for growing to reach slaughter weight Finishing pig: Young pig generally weighing more than 60 Kg. 2194 0 obj<>stream slaughterhouse for slaughtering and processing of pigs in Klinë/Klina. Any larger and the raw meat may be tough. Define how the establishment must dispose of condemned product. Around 28% of a hog’s live weight is inedible product re-moved during the slaughter and dressing procedure bringing our 250 lb. ���S�簊E7I�;6C�C���!�?t����T����V/����rU.p�W[`���i7}�h�z��]��������7 W�������� V��n�%U�w���n��T��7�O�/Gh,��f!0��F�������O����[�.����sƟL�$ 4���A|6}|� ��@��n���m�ѻaY?��2��Ǥ*^�&侷�I�7���ŗ���Y!����`�$���8�ih/Лkv��2N,�rZ|�u}��*c��8tO[_��O. Place the s hooks in the hocks and lift with the single tree.. Good work and Good eating. The pig slaughter plant featured in this video is one of 5 facilities in the U.S., operating under a pilot program that allows high speed slaughter. 0000002612 00000 n Consequently, around 1,300 pigs are killed per hour in this pig slaughter facility! ;���J���FH���v� ��j�����և�����y�t�����7�f��أ3}�M�1(|a�����gU6��o�5��ޚ�uo7�w�Y��kt�u�֘��i� QHgBFO}}wtp|��߃!z�����`��9tӸ�/���8���I�m�����ɠ�F7Ɲ5���g�����n�F��h�4�bv�� �I�@���|�ݐߝ�w����/ ����" 0000002055 00000 n Pig slaughter caught on hidden camera inside a USDA-approved and inspected slaughterhouse that supplies Hormel. The pig peeling line uses pre-peeling conveyor and peeling machine for pig skin processing. Butcher and author Bryan Mayer shows Bon Appetit how to butcher an entire pig at Wyebrook Farm and explains every cut of pork. Pig dehairing line uses scalding pool and dehairing machine to process pig hair. Pigs are delivered to the abattoir in trucks, and held for one to two days in holding yards. Types of Mechanically separated meat (MSM) 15.4. Feed accounts for approximately 65% of the cost of pig meat production. It was not my intention to name and shame people involved in the pig slaughter sector in Uganda and their efforts to provide safe food to their clients because they do their best they can with the means at their hand but they are also committed to improve the process. Even when the closest inspected slaughter and/or processing facility seems too far away, building an entirely new plant, mobile or fixed, may not be 0000004248 00000 n Strain ‘Pandemic (H1N1) Polyserositis and arthritis of pigs from bacterium Haemophilus parasuis. Re-number steps as necessary. Many start-up businesses fail financially in the first few years. Slaughter Process Slaughter is the process whereby healthy, live animals are humanely stunned, bled, dehided, dehaired, and eviscerated. After reviewing and grouping the products produced, you will know the number of models that are needed to assist in developing your plant-specific plans. %%EOF 2 shot 4 – 5 weeks before slaughter, 1st shot 4 to 6 weeks before 2nd shot. endstream endobj 2193 0 obj<>/OCGs[2195 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20060202131948)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 2195 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 2196 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>/Properties<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 2197 0 obj<> endobj 2198 0 obj<> endobj 2199 0 obj<> endobj 2200 0 obj<> endobj 2201 0 obj<> endobj 2202 0 obj<> endobj 2203 0 obj<> endobj 2204 0 obj<>stream 2192 18 40.00 per pig.Pig hair has good demand in the market and some traders visit the slaughter places from time to time for conducting both slaughter and processing activities, the process, manufacturing process of various pork products and sample plant layouts & process flow sheets with machinery details. Cross out, white out, or delete all steps that are NOT part of your process. 2192 0 obj<> endobj << <<43cf78ac1ce1004f81c3b9c00c2878c0>]>> %PDF-1.2 0000003679 00000 n The meat industry tortures billions of animals all over the world, and Europe is of course of no exception. Pig feed is made up of a variety of grains, vitamins and minerals. *�%� 0000004170 00000 n Beef Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Process Flow Diagram 1. Steps for Processing Your Wild Hog 1. 0000003235 00000 n It takes place after ante mortem inspection, and after the animal has Pigs are induced into a chamber and exposed to a concentration of 85 percent CO 2 for about 45 seconds. 6. endstream endobj 2209 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[86 2106]>>stream In essence, the methods relate to the manner in whichthe animal is killed and bled and to some extent dressing and handlingprior to use as food. live hog to 180 lbs. it takes approximately between 3.5-4 kilograms of feed to produce a kilogram of pork. 2. used. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) published a final rule in July 1996 mandating that HACCP be implemented as the system of process control in all USDA inspected meat and poultry plants. It's also hard to pick up and transport any pig larger than that. >> 2. PIG SLAUGHTER LINE. stream Ritualistic or religious slaughter often requires the animal to bein a state of consciousness at the time it is bled. Make sure that every step shown on the Process Flow Diagram is entered in the Hazard Analysis Form. Chapter 15 Meat Processing 15. Grains, such as wheat, trailer 0000000016 00000 n Describe the process of conducting postmortem inspection procedures. If an establishment is a combination plant, i.e. ��1��u:��@=}���6+�qVᥙ�\���l�t�y�^(���j/ Cause of secondary bacterial infections with x�b```b``Y�����z�����b�@�q@ "���\���B� ��=-�m/��M�vt\��p���+�#�w�d욿���ݻ��y 5'p���e����� ��xM�u�Ԕt&Օ'�m�����P���@���JwI���A �V��2)�Y�^'8uN*6��u[rGZ� �`� ��-.���Ĭa ���$>&k��1B$�b� �P��q�B ��R`���P���@ A�q�Ձx�)�� ^;C���\`,��{��Sx`N�=�M�-�`�g`Jra G'�5[20~����6A� ��z Bleeding after stunning Conscious pigs are being boiled alive In this video, captured at a pig slaughterhouse by Animal Rights International, we can see how conscious pigs are being boiled alive. Study visit to Emilia Romagna Region (Italy) and ob-servation of slaughter and pig farming techniques for pig farmers in the cooperative. 2.1.1 Slaughtering and processing of pigs The basic process for slaughtering and processing pigs is shown in Figure 2—1. 7. Flushing: Practice of increasing feed allowance around time of serving (mating with boar) to increase number of eggs produced. Animal slaughter and processing produces very strong organic waste from body fluids, such as blood, and gut contents. The slaughtering must be done manually not by a machine, as one of the conditions is the intention, which is not found in a machine. Proceed with caution. Slaughter methods prevailing throughout the world are governedeither by tradition, ritual or legislation depending upon the peopleand the country. They are generally fasted for a day to reduce the amount of intestinal contents. These recommendations apply to the slaughter in slaughterhouses of the following domestic animals: cattle, buffalo, bison, sheep, goats, camelids, deer, horses, pigs, ratites, rabbits and poultry. Preslaughter handling is a major concern to the livestock industry, especially the pork industry. Compare these to the list of Process Models in Appendix 2. Introduction 15.1. Witness Journo Bradford Keen visited Triple A Beef's abattoir to see how cattle are slaughtered and end up on your plate. /Length 12 0 R Processing your Pig . [P�!O��q�QHUz;��>�)���+�`A*�sV��>�v�巏W�F��ѧ��������W_�~����1�[C#xMv�����e%���ͺݢG�Ǿ���p@H�Տ��t;�M������f@u�u��l��Ђr�7{^U8�^��3,v=w}�]#�[�96�o^�[�d�no���Cݵ�5z�0ָ�n���g�P�������ǽ]fO�m��{����{��[+��=�>�Μ]��3��@�]? Some culture… Carbon dioxide stunning is used only in large pig abattoirs. H���[o�8�?A�_�,�W�z�%t�N�6;,���L��"ye9�̧�Û,Yd��A�/���s���T�(��*$E���F�_��.�\c$���|�L��s�.�o�%���V�wz?������O�yF�=�d�n�nc��}���~qu{QV+�4a��%G�� H��Wmsں��_�ۙ#ɒm5�si�Kܛ9����b�m������#a��ig��V��쳏:ݬH��Y�?w��M�I�H�Q��k��z���M�]��X �Q���8��-�h�������矽�>�u�}��� �,�($��/S����³N�>��B���G��@�%��/�)̀2�N�7g�/��?�>L���9L�q�9�/iT�tm�"��&���l��VΘ'J|*-��x���LB�LT�n��K&����N�J��k����&+uUeF��p�E���5�cG��!kӏ�ЏdRX~v�9��(5Z��I���I��sF�M.Y�K�����>�bM�E5:K�[��e�ϲd���p�k��ړ�|G`,^k�ޥJ�)�e�ũw�:>&�j������n�7�O`���d�^�[G6��y�mu��R]8n���B�{b�Y(�̢l�9,��s�C�ytu/���C��9����Q���/�Ŋ��gX���q4�M{θC��-�m�!�����i^��Cc�.a�>�3��x��$.^A����t��J����t����Z,ޅ��&ZQ�պ4 (�q�Ց_�� �}��W (ü��p During this process, inedible and products (e.g., products not … Meat Industry. Before you begin the butchering, make sure you're wearing heavy-duty disposable latex gloves. I’ll tell you upfront, we used to raise pigs. These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. For better taste and easier processing, look for wild hogs that are 60-120 pounds. 2.2 Pig abattoir means any premises and buildings established for pig slaughtering and dressing. Other Head for the Shoulders. 0000001632 00000 n x���1 0ð4�v\G` z�0�=i2��\x���!��! Make sure that each step has the same name and number in both the Process Flow … Pig Meat (TAS 6000-2004). Pig slaughter line is divided into pig dehairing line and pig peeling line. 0000007124 00000 n 0000003947 00000 n 0000000672 00000 n Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or studying swine management techniques, pigs need a high energy diet that is low in fiber that contains ample protein. 0000001118 00000 n 0000001774 00000 n On average about 57% of a hog make it from the pen to the pan. This time, it went a lot smoother. The other processes are the sam. A. Koltuniewicz, in Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, 2010. Raw materials and general processing C. Minced meat D. Meat preparations Although effective for anaesthetizing sheep, it is impractical because of large amounts of CO 2 collecting in the wool and affecting operators on the killing line.. 0 PREPARATION. Lay It to Rest. The Sides and Primal Cuts. Pork, Sheep, Goat Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Hazard Analysis Form 1. Not all of the pig is edible pork. include biological (pathological and microbiological for beef slaughter), chemical or physical contamination of food products. This was a very good article about the process of butchering pigs for meat. Almost all feed is fed to pigs in a dry form, either as mash (loose but dry) or pellets. DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this standard: 2.1 Pig means animals in the family Suidae and raised for human consumption. 0000007365 00000 n Add any processing steps not already shown and make sure that each new step is assigned a number. These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. Primal cuts of meat are initially separated from the carcass during processing. Male grower pigs at around 2 ½ months before slaughter. 11 0 obj • Under conventional slaughtering method, many of the pig slaughterers pluck the hair instead of scalding or burning it. %PDF-1.4 %���� xref The resulting carcass may be split and/or fabricated in some fashion. Ready-to-eat products 15.2. The traditional pig slaughter in Croatia as well as the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Serbia is a widespread practice that involves pig slaughtering, processing, and butchery of pig meat, and is observed by rural families, usually in late autumn. This is characteristicof Jewish (Kosher), Sikh (Jhatka) and orthodox Islamic (or Halal)slaughters. • About 70-100 gm of hair is obtained from each mature pig which give an income of Rs.30.00 to Rs. Meat processing facilities – like many manufacturing facilities – can be very expensive to build and operate. Our first pigs we pulled up by hand, which is a process I’m not eager to repeat. Next, we take on the shoulders. Implementation of a training program for pig breed-ers in cooperative on pig slaughtering and processing techniques. "y�0iH. Legal requirements for raw materials A. The most important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs. 3. The tradition is variously called "koline", kolinje, prašćina, svinjokolj, svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek. %���� A 250 lb. 0000032470 00000 n Before you begin the actual cutting of steaks, chops and roasts on your pig you will need to break down your pig into primal cuts. A pig’s shoulder is pretty large with different … The slaughter process has two stages: Stunning, when performed correctly, causes an animal to lose consciousness, so the animal can't feel pain.The law states that, with few exemptions, all animals must be stunned before 'sticking' (neck cutting) is carried out. The colder the meat the easier to handle. In the United States the humane treatment of animals during each of these stages is required by the Humane Slaughter Act. The slaughtering should not be done on a production line where pigs are slaughtered. Meat processing - Meat processing - Livestock slaughter procedures: The slaughter of livestock involves three distinct stages: preslaughter handling, stunning, and slaughtering. dressed. 0000006601 00000 n This process was a lot harder before we had the tractor, as the pig below weighs between 300 and 350lbs. /Filter /FlateDecode As for myself I have enjoyed my pig skewers in Masaka and pig liver in Kampala. Ⅰ,pig slaughter line. ‘Composite’ products 15.3.

pig slaughter process pdf

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